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© Zhukovsky Mikhail, 2001: BAR 2002
Библиотека -> Handling digital 3-D record of archaeological excavation data -> стр. 6 (6 из 6; автоматическая разбивка на стр.)
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completeness. Totalstation permits not only to get much more accurate stratification record, but to provide direct 3-D record of artificial and natural remains, which was impossible with manual measurements. As a result, the whole excavation record becomes 3-dimentional, thus minimizing distortions of initial data.

- Digital photography and video shooting of stratification and artifacts are to be used more extensively, which will particularly allow creating photogrammetric coverages for surfaces of stratification units.

- Database support for all types of data/objects in digital excavation record. In its present state, solely a descriptive database for finds is integrated in the 3-D environment. Each object is to be linked with a database record, containing its extensive photo, video and text description.

- All data is integrated in AutoCAD environment and accessed through Internet interface. Data exchange and interlink with GIS systems is provided by ArcCAD – the GIS extension to AutoCAD.

4. Conclusion

The digital excavation record technique is designed to overcome the methodological stagnation in Russian archaeology. We strongly believe that our efforts will stimulate the development of both the methodology of excavations and the technique of excavation data record on Russian archaeological sites. However, the initiative that we have introduced is directed either in the future or in the past. The Gnezdovo complex of archaeological sites has been excavated for more then 125 years, which makes the re-procession of all of the collected data indispensable for the research. Digital integration of these data is our main goal, where the presented technique is only one small step.


I would like to express my gratitude to all the team of the Smolensk archaeological expedition, which contribution made this work possible, especially Veronica Murasheva – for providing excavation documentation, and the members of my workgroup – Anastasia Krasinskaya, Boris Meledin and Vasiliy Novikov – for their enthusiastic efforts. I would like also to direct my cordial gratitude to my bride, Julia Simonova, for her tenderness and support in all my projects.


Darvill, T., 2000. Recording systems in archaeological excavation: introducing ARTHUR, Anglo-Russian Archaeology Seminar: Recording Systems for Archaeological Projects. Bournemouth and Moscow.

Huggett, J., 2000. Looking at intra-site GIS, Computer Applications and Quantitative methods in Archaeology, BAR International Series 845.

Norbach, L.C., 1999. IT-based Documentation of Large Scale Excavations – Drengsted: A Case Study, Computer Applications and Quantitative methods in Archaeology, BAR International Series 750.

Ryan, N., Pascoe, J., Morse, D., 1999. Enhanced Reality Fieldwork: the Context Aware Archaeological Assistant, Computer Applications and Quantitative methods in Archaeology, BAR International Series 750.

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© Zhukovsky Mikhail, 2001: BAR 2002
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